Bill Lucas in The Conversation
How do you react when you hear expressions like “well done”, “another A grade”, “aren’t you clever” and “great work”?
Maybe you use them yourself with your children in the belief that it will encourage them to work hard and do well.
It turns out that praise like this is not helpful and can actually damage children. Stanford University researcher Carol Dweck has shown that generalised praise of this kind can all too easily create learners who have what she calls a “fixed mindset”.
These children are afraid to make mistakes, unlikely to put in the necessary effort and, most importantly, unwilling to really practise because they have a fixed view of how smart they are.